Monday, June 1, 2009

Spring 2009 EDC Resource Review

In this issue:

Website Review:
World Digital Library
http://www.wdl.org/en/

Journal Article Review:
Austin Z. Development and validation of the Pharmacists’ Inventory of Learning Styles (PILS). American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education 2004:68(2):Article 37.
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Website Review:
World Digital Library
http://www.wdl.org/en/

Submitted by: Linda B. Nilson, Director, Office of Teaching Effectiveness and Innovation, Clemson University, USA

The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization designed this Web site especially for the culturally- and historically-minded scholar and student. As of its inauguration in spring 2009, it features almost 1200 scanned cultural artifacts from all over the world dating back to 8000 BCE: paintings (including rock paintings), sketches, photographs, portraits, maps, manuscripts, books, and documents, all annotated in seven languages (Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish, and Portuguese). The primary materials assembled thus far come from 27 libraries in 19 countries (all UNESCO member nations), and all countries are invited to contribute, so the collection will no doubt grow. Browsers will appreciate the search engine's ability to locate artifacts by any combination of global region, time period, type of item, topic, and location of the original. Hosted by the U.S. Library of Congress, this site aims to enhance the digital cultural content, increase global understanding, narrow the digital divide worldwide, and serve broad educational and research purposes.

Educational developers can showcase this Web site to faculty who teach anthropology or any epoch of history as a valuable digital resource for in-class presentations and student (or faculty) research. In addition, the site can supply worthwhile cultural lessons and readings in intermediate and advanced language courses (Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish, and Portuguese). Finally, developers can refer to this site as a source of visual materials for teaching the historical aspects of a wide range of subjects.

Keywords: world culture, world history, world civilization, cultural artifacts, languages

Journal Article Review:
Austin Z. Development and validation of the Pharmacists’ Inventory of Learning Styles (PILS). American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education 2004:68(2):Article 37.

Submitted by: Zubin Austin, Associate Professor, Leslie Dan Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Toronto

The Pharmacists’ Inventory of Learning Styles (PILS) is a validated instrument designed to assist educators in applying learning styles theory to education of health professional students. The Inventory provides an opportunity for self-reflection and self-assessment of preferences utilizing the learning styles theory. Instructors may use this instrument to promote dialogue regarding learning and learning environments amongst teachers, students, teaching assistants, and clinical preceptors. A key aspect of the PILS is the opportunity for individuals to share their own experiences as learners, reflecting upon strategies and approaches that may have been more or less successful/effective in a particular context. Since its publication, the PILS has been used extensively within pharmacy education across North America, and has been used in faculty development initiatives in other health professions across Canada.

Keywords: Learning styles, learning preferences